BASS FISHING

Bass Fishing Overview

Bass fish

Bass fishing encompasses all of the fishing associated with the North American gamefish called the black bass, and are part of the sunfish family. The most common black bass species caught are largemouth, smallmouth, spotted, and guadalupe. Bass fishing is a multi-billion dollar industry, and has been one of the fastest growing and changing sports in the last century. Bass fishing is the most common game fishing, and the top freshwater sport United States. Black bass are found in almost

 any source of freshwater, including lakes, reservoirs, rivers, ponds, creeks, and streams. Largemouth and Smallmouth bass are the two types of fish that are most common in the bass-fishing world. The distinction between the two is that the back of the mouth of the former extends past the eye, whereas the latter only goes to the middle of the eye. Largemouth are typically a bigger fish, and tend to make shorter but stronger escape runs when hooked, while Smallmouth are considered to be the hardest fighting and most aggressive black bass. Black bass are able to smell as well as see their prey, and it is important to take this into account when fishing.

Carp Fishing

Carp Fishing Overview

Carp fishing as a sport originated in the United Kingdom and Europe, but in the past 50 years popularity in the US has been growing. Carp as a species is native to Europe and Asia, but has been introduced to many environments all over the world. Americans used to view the carp as an invasive pest to most natural environments, and while this is the case in some places, their high value as a sport fish has been recognized. Carp are a freshwater fish, and prefer slow moving water and soft sediment, though they can also be found in rivers. They can grow to be quite large, even up to 4 feet, and usually can be found in small schools. Carp fishing tends to be best in waters around 50 degrees fahrenheight.

Trout Fishing

Trout Fishing Overview

Trout consist of the species of fresh and saltwater fish in the salmon family and are found primarily in North America, though are on every continent but Antarctica. Trout commonly appear different based on appearance and location, but genetically speaking are almost identical.  Rainbow trout (also called steelhead) are saltwater trout, and return to freshwater streams for reproduction. Trout is generally considered good for eating. Fly fishing for rainbow trout is very popular, but it can also be fished using normal casting methods. Fly fishing has been around for thousands of years, and is characterized by using the weight of the line, as opposed to the lure, to cast line. Trout typically feed underwater, so it is common for the lure to sink below the surface.

Catfishing

Catfishing Overview

 

Fishing for catfish is fun. They fight hard, are plentiful and taste great on the dinner table. Catfish are often willing biters, too, and can be readily caught from the bank as well as from a boat using a simple bait rig. The following's a short guide for catching catfish.

WHERE AND WHEN TO CATCH CATFISH

Catfish can thrive in many water systems, from shallow, warm ponds to fast rivers. While different species may like varying habitats, there are general areas that tend to hold catfish.

During the day, look for catfish in muddy water areas, such as a tributary and its outflow. Also good are deep structures, like river bends, the base of drop-offs, deep holes, and humps. Catfish will also hold around cover, like standing timber and deep weed edges.

Night brings excellent fishing. Catfish use their heightened senses of smell and taste, along with their barbels (whiskers) to locate food in the dark. Flats, bars, points, shorelines and weedy areas are common spots to catch prowling cats at night.

ESSENTIAL CATFISH GEAR

It doesn't take much tackle to catch catfish. The following's a basic kit for small to average-sized fish.

  • A 6- to 7-foot, medium-heavy spinning rod and a reel spooled with 14-pound or stronger abrasion-resistant monofilament
  • Terminal tackle including: 1/0 to 3/0 circle or bait hooks, # 2 to #6 treble hooks, 0.5- to 2-ounce egg sinkers, split shots, #7 to #10 swivels, bobbers, beads and jig heads
  • Live worms or minnows, cut-bait, or smelly artificial bait, like catfish chunks or dough
  • Boat or shore-style rod holder
  • Net or lip-grip for landing fish
  • A pair of long-nosed pliers for removing hooks

HOW TO CATCH CATFISH

A slip-sinker rig's a popular set-up given that catfish are often located near bottom. It's made by threading a sinker on the mainline, then a bead. Next, the mainline is tied to one end of a swivel. On the swivel's other end is a 1 to 2 foot monofilament leader, followed by the hook. The rig can be left on bottom or hovered above the floor when drifting an area.

A float rig's another option. Simply add a float above the weight on a slip-sinker rig. Use this rig to drift bait slowly through wood-rich catfish lairs or over weed without snagging on bottom or in cover. Drifting a float also helps cover water from the bank.

A jig head (link to the jig head article) tipped with bait will also catch catfish. Lift and drop the jig along bottom. Occasionally holding it still often leads to a bite.

Sometimes catfish hit hard and quick. Other times they play with the bait before taking it fully. When in doubt, set the hook. A common rig-fishing strategy is feeding line to a nibbling catfish, so it won't feel resistance. When the fish steadily takes line, it's hook-set time.

Give fishing for catfish a try. Pound-for-pound, these hard-fighting fish serve-up fun days on the water.


 
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